Our children asking questions about sounds, letters and words may not be as easy as they appear. How do you explain the letter O could be oval, or an o, as in otter? That nanna doesn’t end with an R or that it’s impossible to pronounce”was” or “was”? This is what phonics is all about.
A closer look at the phonics process and its part in learning how to read can be a good beginning point.
Phonics is the method of teaching children to associate the sound of an individual with the letter or group. The faster they learn to recognize, hear, and manipulate sound, the simpler it will be to recognize new words once they are at the point of reading.
Phonics is the most fundamental component of literacy that parents can aid in helping build. However, many parents perceive that Phonics is a method that can help teach reading “fast” through fun sing-alongs as well as alphabet worksheets and flashcards. It takes years to master. Even though the alphabet has 26 letters, it contains 44 distinct sounds. Most youngsters will spend the greater portion of kindergarten, first and second grade studying how these sounds connect to form words.
Parents who have attempted to read words using a preschooler are likely to realize that they’ve forgotten the hard work it can be. Short vowels such as “a” and “e” might sound identical to an infant’s hearing. Combinations of letters like “sh” and “th” are difficult to convey to children; that is just getting comfortable with the alphabet. Kids are exposed to sight words like “the” and “said,” which cannot be spoken out due to their erratic spelling! Ask a child as young as 6 to write “kid,” and they are equally likely to spell “c-i-d …” as “k-i-d,” leaving parents confused about what to say.
Children require practice endless opportunities to listen, feel, and manipulate how words are pronounced to eventually “decode” words quickly for effortless reading. To parents, this could seem like a lot of repetition — but it’s perfectly fine. You might think your child is stuck; however, think of Phonics as getting a secret code the moment your child breaks that code, they’ll walk ahead through the door that isn’t locked without looking back.
The most useful action parents can take to aid their child in learning to recognize the distinct sounds in words. Ideally, he will be provided with an extensive reading curriculum at school, including “spelling rules” and learning sight words. The nine activities based on Phonics are a fantastic method for parents to encourage reading development at home.
I love to tell young and beginning readers that, just as children’s letters have names and are similar to children’s, letters often be heard or made to sound different.
For example, I could say, “I have a look at a letter that is your name. Can you spot letters A (say A, which is Apricot)? In this case, it’s making sounds like /a/. the sound of an apple. The letter’s title is A, making an /a/ sound.”
Encourage your child to think of other words that start with the sound /a/. For instance, “I can think of another word with the sound /a/ -an ant! Do you have any words with the /a/ sound? “/a/ /a/ (pause to allow your child to reply).” If they can’t think of an answer or aren’t interested, it might be a good idea to give them a second suggestion or even leave brainstorming for another day.
Enjoy silly sentences that start by using the same sounds as you and your children thought of a list of spoken words; you may want to make an absurd sentence, like, “The angry and attacked the apple with an ax!”
“I spy with my little eye something beginning with /b/.”
“Ball does begin with b, but it’s not what I spy.”
“Bacon? It’s true; bacon starts with the letter b. I’m spotting bacon!”
(The I SPY Books are another method of practicing simple words and sounds and developing memory and observation abilities.)
Engage in games that help children listen to individual letters. One such game is called the Learning Puzzle for Beginning Sound. This is an amazing tool to help children recognize the first letter sound and then begin to match the letter sound with the appropriate grapheme. Join in with your child’s pre- or even an early reader to aid them in reaching their goals and gain confidence in their ability to match.
Rhyming books with your child’s numerous fantastic picture books tell their stories using simple rhyme. When an account has become well-known to the child, try stopping just before the word rhymes and wait to determine if your child has the correct response.
(You aren’t disappointed with the standard Chicka Chicka Boom Boom or Frog on the log?.)
Simple rhyming games to play Rhyming games like these Rhyming-based Learning Puzzles will help your children identify the sounds in words and discover how the exact sound can be heard in a variety of words.
Try rhyming tennis: This one is perfect for kids in kindergarten who are already familiar with rhyming. Pick a sound that rhymes with a rhyming one, such as ‘-at’ in the word ‘cat’, then take turns going in a circle, making a new sound that rhymes with the original word. For instance, player one says ‘cat’, and player two says ‘hat’. Player one will then say “rat,” and the second player says mat. The game is over when one participant cannot find a new rhyme word.
Encourage your child to listen for the sequence of sounds that appear more frightening than it is! Take advantage of every opportunity to break down a word (start by using words with only two or three words, such as cars, dog, hat) into individual sounds, which your child can weave back together or mix in a conversation. For instance, when you get ready for a day of play, you could say, “I must put on my hat. Have you got a hat? What are we required to wear?” The answer is “hat.’
Learn by using practice with the Phonics books such as ” My Phonics Book Pattern”, for instance, which gives parents plenty of opportunities to make short words sound (and highlight the distinctions between long and short vowels) While your child is bound to be delighted in the bright illustrations and hilarious jokes that are the trademark of Peppa and her gang.
Get phonics books for any starters such as Oxford Phonics Year 1 for starters.
Teaching your child phonics doesn’t require a degree of technical know-how in the English language. Basically, every determined parent can teach their child phonics and set them on the desired path to mastering English.
Our program offers online and physical classes to boost your child’s mastery of phonics. Contact us HERE for a more personalized program that will suit the needs of your child.
We hope that you will be able to set your child on a path that enables them to master phonics and English language as a whole.